Dewey and the Progressive Era

Turning next in American History, we have the Progressive Era with all that it meant for how we do things today and it’s challenges to the Constitution’s meaning to our society.

Lutz City of Templemore - Some Things Don't Require A Tether To Be Trusted....

Dewey and the Progressive Era
by Michael Doyle

All of the unsettlements led to an age of reform
New power meeting the needs of the day to conform
A single tax that would be based on real property
Was propose by Henry George in Progress and Property

Looking Backward was Bellamy's great contribution
When the Social Gospel's blue print lost its absolution
Farmers were struggling in loss in marketable commodities
Finding in the Populist Party a sort of remedy

William Jennings Bryan spoke their voice and preached
About the needs of the Cowbelt that his message reached
The coinage of silver hoped to help those living on the margins
Seeking to deny a crown of thorns and turning to Christ again

The election of 1986, saw America change from old to new
The rising tide of populism would not yet carry through
A rising middle class progressivism sought to renew
From local to state to Federal in its prevailing view

In the public interest, cities would control utilities
To serve the public through it's municipalities
Disinterested as these were in the turning of a profit
Instead being more intent on conforming standards that fit

City managers were hired over mayors for their expertise
Not elected because politics caused progressive dis-ease
Robert Lafollette would lead in asserting public administration
Popularizing policies based on academic investigation

The Wisconsin Idea became a leading source for reform
For many the ideas of change to which the world would conform
There was no problem that was beyond finding solution
Scientific fact finding and experts would make this contribution

No longer would conversion of souls change society
But society would change souls with forced propriety
John Dewey found the inner man must be completely subdued
In order for society to progress and be renewed

In Dewey's perspective the day of the individual was gone
It was the new age of bureaucratic man to live on and on
"We know better" ethos over the People's democratic ways
Eugenics and social controls would rule the progressive day

Anti-monopolization and combination sought to regulate
The driving forces behind the economic urge to moderate
In all of this arose the questions of our foundation
WAs the Constitution still the basis of our nation?

(c) April 2, 2020  Michael Doyle
All Rights Reserved

Lutz City of Templemore - Seeking Direction to Eternal Life




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Thought For the Day: It Is Our Nature To Conform Which Is Born From Our Requirement of Self-Approval

“It is our nature to conform; it is a force which not many people can successfully resist. What is its seat? The inborn requirement of self-approval.” – Mark Twain (1835-1910)



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On Becoming A World Power

American history continues as the United States advanced post Civil War into the early 1900s, our strength grew and with it wisely or unwisely we expanded our foreign policy out into the world with all its challenges good and bad.

Grauland  2020

On Becoming A World Power
by Michael Doyle

Since the War of 1812, America's focus had been mostly inward
Insulated by two oceans, mostly our trade that had our outward
Disposition; a disposition of displaying equal liberty
Avoiding entanglements as a prayerful benediction for all liberty

Choosing not to go abroad in search of monsters to destroy
It was seen as endangering the very soul of America to deploy
In the name of wars of interested intrigue lacking in extrication
Surrendering to avarice and ambition, the spirit of our nation

John Quincy Adams was reasoned as he promoted due caution
As we can see today, it was right to the take such precautions
At least, inasmuch as allowing for the defensive Monroe Doctrine
Keeping Europe out of the Americas with its infernal plotting

After the Civil War, many thought of extending republicanism
Through Manifest Destiny being extended into colonialism
But to do this would be to embrace the risk of imperialism
As all elites were doing as was evidenced by empiricism

A mix of Social Darwinism and a related Social Gospel's duty
Were used to argue for and acquire new land and booty
With the increasing trade, a powerful navy became paramount
Forward into the future for whatever challenges we'd surmount

Beveridge's march of the flag wove together all elements
Into the growing imperialist policy's most cogent argument
It is perhaps with these degrees of feigned sanctimony
That we would trade our standard of liberty for trading colonies

Alaska was acquired from the Russians as Seward's Folly
The isles of Samoa and Hawai'i also became part of our story
At last eyes turned toward Spain's Cuba as being of interest
Yellow Dog journalism led the way to a war in which to wrest

From Spain as public outrage is hard to resist or to ignore
Yet still, Grover Cleveland would push back from this war
Until McKinley was elected seeking a canal and independence
Remembering the Maine caused war hawks to be in ascendance

These cries brought rise to that splendid little war
One hundred and fourteen days catapulted us to the door
Of colonialism and also pronounced as a world great power
Sinking the Spanish Empire and bring our Filipino hour

Though speaking of self rule, some were given to annexation
This caused an ensuing debate across our great nation
The anti-imperialists strongly objected citing the Constitution
While the imperialists ignored principles as an over simplification

There were then the objections based on Gompers' racism
As well as the Filipinos having their own mind for nationalism
William Howard Taft became the governor fighting their insurrection
At last in 1946, the Philippines was made free for their dedication

Another territory gained, was the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
Neither entirely in nor entirely out on and on this would go
Perhaps it was concern over having imposed a Platte Amendment
In which America allowed only so much Cuban free government

This as the Cubans stated was gulling to belief in liberty
It does not speak entirely well as it sets in American History
America's divided heart plays on not withstanding
Practicalities of entanglement can make ideals quite demanding

(c) April 1, 2020  Michael Doyle
All Rights Reserved

Octopussy goes Cuba -Plaza Cuidad





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I of the Camera

It’s the first official day of NaPoWriMo/GloPoWriMo 2020! So what’s the prompt, right?

“… a self-portrait poem in which you make a specific action a metaphor for your life – one that typically isn’t done all that often, or only in specific circumstances. For example, bowling, or shopping for socks, or shoveling snow, or teaching a child to tie its shoes. “

So okay,… hmmm lots of things come to mind.  But what’s one that really seems to be what I do over and over again,…

Cherishville - Sunrise Reindeer

I of the Camera
by Michael Doyle

Eye of the camera seeing
    Tripped across the heart of this human being
Something interesting seen
    Or, put another way than is has been

Lenses effect the view
    Of what's brought before me and you
Soft colors provide a background of blur
    Telephotic that soul stirs

I of the camera seeing
    As the normal eye might show
Pleasure in the softness of being
    The decisions made control the flow

Seeing the world in terms of composition
    A simple stream of semi-conscious decision
Marveling at the world in terms of the wonderful
    And seeing what it is as awesome and beautiful

As I wander all over God's green premises
   It seems the focal lenses allow the emphasis 
That allow me to see from the distance
   Or, to take the close up that has met resistance

Eye of the camera seeing
   Captures the inner dreams of my being
Wide or thin in the reflexive
   Keeps my life in needed perspective

Living my life in witness to the amazing
   Even the ordinary made extraordinary in praising
Each moment caught in its prime
   As the trick of my eye dances across time

The lessons learned are in what you see
    All of life is simply visual poetry
These are the things of which I stay in tune
    Whether in break of day or under light of moon

(c) April 1, 2020  Michael Doyle
All Rights Reserved

Authors Point - Oak Under An Autumn Moon




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Thought For the Day: Obstacles Cannot Crush Me. Every Obstacle Yields To Stern Resolve. He Who Is Fixed To A Star Does Not Change His Mind.

“Obstacles cannot crush me. Every obstacle yields to stern resolve. He who is fixed to a star does not change his mind.” – Leonardo da Vinci

Contrast President Trump’s resolve versus the whining voices of finger pointers and blame shifters like Mr. Biden.   May I please remind you that it was his predecessors who bound us to the agreements that like a Trojan Horse stuck us in the pandemic bind we are currently in.  Everyone knows China’s cover up of this viral pandemic starting is the reason we are going to lose many of our loved ones, friends and others we never got to know.  I heard a whisper that maybe we should now write off our debt to the People’s Republic of China in tradeable printed currency redeemable in trade goods from the United States.   After I chuckled that we would never do such a thing, I had to admit it would be equitable.

“The battle in which we’re now engaged has inflicted many hardships on our nation and our families. … But through it all, the world has witnessed the unyielding resolve of our incredible American people. We are not only a country of vast resources; we’re a nation of colossal strength, towering spirit, soaring patriotism, and exceptional character. … We are one family, bound together by love and loyalty. … With the determination of the American people, and with the grace of God, we will win this war.” – President Trump



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First Principles: We Cannot Be Too Careful In Excluding Foreign Influence In Our Republic

“Foreign influence is truly the Grecian horse to a republic. We cannot be too careful to exclude its influence.” – Alexander Hamilton (1793)





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End of the Frontier

Between the 1870s to the early 1900s, American society became a vast sea of sea change in matters of all forms of transformation going on at once.

Grey Magic -Tunneled Train

End of the Frontier
by Michael Doyle

The travesty of the Civil War was not just a time shun
But also  the dividing line into a time of '-tions'
As in our urbanization as we grew into modernization
In this time of industrialization and professionalization

At the end of this devastating war, came a Grand Review
As national power paraded across D.C.'s great avenue
This steady flow dignified our glorious unification
With power come to its day for our federalized nation

Railroads drove big business as commerce became industry
All of the infrastructure grown to disburse all commodities
Family businesses gave way to the modern business corporation
As all of this was put on the wheeled modes of transportation

Rockefeller's oil spilled in barrels across this nation
As America and the world renewed in growing dedication
JP Morgan and other financiers eroded with their bigness
The prior republican values disapproving of big business

Cities grew in their moneyed power over true virtue
Becoming the fixture of America's varying and many hues
As cities grew, populations exploded exponentially
Towns became cities stretched across and spread nationally

With the growth of population flowed mass immigration
The demand for labor changed the face of our nation
Expanding pluralism became a struggle of assimilation
Bringing with it many a variation in new fascinations

Less a melting pot than a salad of the foreign born
All of this needing cohesion for the new day's morn
Both grand in gains and huge in losses, drove our nation
As we absorbed and settled during this transformation

And yet there remained the spirt of the West
Where the spirit of the frontier was known best
In the 1890s, the Census Bureau closed the frontier
Of which Frederick Turner detailed making it clear

Presenting his significant work at the World Columbian Exposition
Forever linking Columbus with the heroic need for exploration
The West was where the worse perils of our civilization
Were mooted by the caress of nature's revitalization

The best of America was the boldness of our exploration
The base meaning of America now needed transformation
The time had come for modernization and development
This blessing and curse were both Providentially sent

(c) March 31, 2020  Michael Doyle
All Rights Reserved

Black Hill RPG Sneak Peak - Cityscape Cranestyle




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To A Northern Cardinal

It’s almost that time…. April 1st is the first day of NaPoWriMo/GloPoWriMo 2020.  As a warm up, the first suggestion was to write a poem about any bird.  I thought of an eagle in this time when we all need to soar.  But as I closed my eyes to dream awake some kind of poem, this came to mind:

Downtown Indianapolis -  Painted Cardinals

To A Northern Cardinal
by Michael Doyle

It's easy to remember back to when
Through the window of my den
I would see a Northern Cardinal fly by
Taking a moment and then again to sigh

Knowing him brightly perched on his branch
As he crested calling out for his Blanche
Dressed as he always was in distinctive red
Cheeeer-a-dote-dote-dote playing in my head

Pleasantly making my writing go easier
As the chill air blew through the pines breezier
I watched his loyalty to his mate
His chipping note warning to shelter before too late

From him I learned to stand out in a crowd
To be the bright spot but not too loud
To fill life with joy to the brim
As he dashed his dart, then quickly took his limb

I saw holiness in the flutter of his silken wings
And felt tears of happiness coming as he sings
He was there as my loved ones began to disappear
Visiting in his quiet songs keeping me company there

(c) March 31, 2020  Michael Doyle
All Rights Reserved

88 Mariposa Gardens - Northern Cardinal On This Winter's Day II






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Swing Around the Circle

Civil War ends and an attempt at racial justice was attempted.  How did things get so completely flawed?

The South 40

Swing Around the Circle
by Michael Doyle

A country brought to ruin sought salvation
From a barren wasteland in need of transformation
Businesses and plantations brought to nothing
Freedmen freed but the dusty road was not the something

Needed.. yet the Freedman's Bureau offered little
While the North's economy was more in the middle
And looking toward wealth drove a Golden Spike in Promontory
While the gaping inequality between transformed history

So many questions to be settled in the Reconstruction
Some would settle for nothing less than Southern destruction
Lincoln's view had focused on healthy reincorporation
While he sought simple loyalty, others pursued restitution

It was a matter of regaining the proper relations
Returning the South back into the bosom of our nation
It was hoped that there would be less resentment
And more the focus on working toward contentment

On attending Our American Cousin, Lincoln was shot dead
John Wilkes Booth emptied his derringer into his head
Declaring Lincoln a tyrant, Booth brought disaster to his cause
For next to come for the South would be tyrannical laws

After this assassination the national mood was dark and angry
Democrat Andrew Johnson succeeded Lincoln in the presidency
Coming from humble Tennessean origins into prominence
Johnson had less love for freedom and was lacking in eloquence

The planter war had done little for poor yeomanry
Riling against all elites, Johnson didn't seek prosperity
The Radical Republicans recoiled against reincorporation
But this was perhaps due to the failure to meet Southern obligations

With elected senators who were facing charges of treason
The Republicans would not seat these men for that good reason
And instead convened a harsh Bureau of Reconstruction
Johnson's failure to support civil rights brought his destruction

With Johnson's diminished effectiveness Congress rose
Up as a force to support the 14th Amendment they proposed
Serving to make each freedman a full rights citizen
It obligated the states to uphold the rights of these citizens

This began the process of which was called 'incorporation'
Requiring federal civil rights to be those for all in our nation
Johnson argued his case in a swing and circle noose around his neck
Nearly bringing his presidency to a near complete and ending wreck

Congress wielded its power against Lincoln's preferred edicts
Breaking up the conquered South into five military districts
Requiring the 14th Amendment's fully complete ratification
And tried to legally bar Johnson's removal of Secretary Stanton

Cross wielding the executive power in this predicament
Directly resulted in Johnson's 1868 punitive impeachment
When this tensive policy was set into its final note
Johnson's presidency was saved by only one vote

As though it was in some sort of symbolic recant
The Republicans succeeded in voting in Ulysses S. Grant
And still despite the 15th Amendment, carpetbaggers came to power
And joined with Southern Scalawags to govern this hour

The Forty Acres and a Mule did not ever quite materialize
As the sharecroppers and such were harshly marginalized
They became a kind of peonage proxy in place of outright slavery
Known by any other name in this huge misstep of history

Northern idealism was replaced with an aching weariness
The past war world was given to peaceful contrariness
Old loyalties began too, in their natural inclination
The South was home of past presidents that had their reassertion

1876's election of Hayes was a matter of mass corruption
That resulted in the final blow through its distinction
Slurs and irrelevancies were what won the casting that day
While Hayes' supporters waved a bloody shirt along the way

Black America too their anguish watched freedom slip away
A different future had promised for a much brighter day
The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments were duly kept
But, for true racial justice, America surely wept

(c) March 31, 2020  Michael Doyle
All Rights Reserved

Southern Roots Haunted Halloween - ... Just Waiting On A Friend....





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